Dr Hauwa Mohammed Sani

Dr Hauwa Mohammed Sani


Ahmadu Bello University Zaria Nigeria

English and Literary Studies

Email me

Work and Research

I am a senior lecturer, Department of English and Literary Studies Ahmadu Bello University Zaria Nigeria. I am also sociolinguist with special interest in language and communication. My PhD is on News reportage and it serves as the basis for my expertise in Communication. I have demonstrated a steady progress and commitment to research in communication which won me the American Council of the Learned Society African Humanities grant (2016/2017), Association of Commonwealth Universities (ACU) Early Career Academic Grant (2016), African Peacebuilding Network (Individual Research Fellowship) of the SSRC America (2021) and the (ASA/CCNY 2021) scholar Fellowship

Fields Of Expertise

Language and Gender
Language and communication


The Covid-19 pandemic has turned out to be the most devastating global health challenge since World War II with its ripple effect permeating every sector of society. One effect is its impact on antibiotic resistance, and another is the aggravation of misinformation, disinformation, and mal information about vaccines in Northern Nigeria.


The quest for finding a lasting treatment for the pandemic and the uncertainties surrounding the clinical outcome necessitates the use of antibiotics in the treatment package. However, this tends to speed up another pandemic: antibiotic abuse and resistance.


Antibiotic resistance develops when bacteria become unmanageable by the antibiotics, they used to be susceptible to. Public awareness campaign strategies are needed to arrest the menace. Covid-19 has impacted the supply of antibiotics in hospitals and communities. Across the globe, increased use of these during the pandemic has been reported: a study from Asia shows that an increase of up to 70% of patients received antibiotics despite only 10% of patients having bacterial infections. In sub-Saharan Africa – a region where the excessive use of antibiotics has become a norm – the emergence of Covid-19 has aggravated the situation.


The abuse of antibiotic substances during the pandemic showed a huge influence of pseudoscience interventions amongst average Nigerians. The consequence of this is the proliferation of unrefined production, consumption and recommendation of unverified antibiotic substances which may have detrimental long-term health implications on individual consumers and public health in general.

Dr Hauwa Mohammed Sani is a sociolinguist with a special interest in effective health communication.

Her research is aimed at changing the behavioural patterns of Northern Nigerians by debunking the misconceptions about the Covid-19 vaccine conspiracy theories and the misinformation on antibiotics and pseudoscience.


The project aims at investigating the causal impact of misinformation and pseudoscience on the misuse of antibiotics in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic, it also aims at examining the conspiracy theories surrounding the use of Covid-19 vaccines within the Northern Nigerian contexts to find out how they are disseminated; and will develop succinct strategies and intervention that could be used to mitigate and curb the above practices.

The research will be conducted in an area comprising 19 out of the 36 states that make up the Nigerian Federation and will rely on data from online new media sites such as Facebook, Twitter, WhatsApp, Instagram, and YouTube, and the interactions between members of online communities.


We will develop methods of mitigating and controlling the excessive consumption of antibiotic substances, reduce the resistance and predict the mortality rate given the forecast that antibiotic resistance will kill over 10 million people globally by 2050 if the issue is not addressed.

Publications from the project are expected to provide working tools for scientists, public health practitioners, psychologists, media practitioners and policymakers in Africa and beyond.